There are number of studies that are exploring the drug’s potential harms and benefits.
Alcohol appears to be linked with weight gain. A study published in the American Journal of preventive Medicine found that people who drank heavily had a higher risk of becoming overweight or obese. Plus, alcohol itself is calorie: A can of beer has roughly 150 calories; a glass of wine has about 120.
Alcohol can negatively impact your memory, but in different ways. These effects are the most common in heavy, frequent, or binge users.
Alcohol temporarily impair memory while they are being used, and alcohol can cause blackouts by rendering the brain incapable of forming memories. In terms of their long-term effects, the most severe impacts are seen in heavy, chronic, or binge users who begin using in their teens.
Chronic drinkers display reductions in memory, attention, and planning as well as impaired emotional processes and social cognition — and these can persist even after years of abstinence.
Several studies link alcohol with violence, particularly at home.
It’s impossible to say drinking alcohol is linked with violence, but several studies suggest a link between alcohol and violent behavior. According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, alcohol is a factor in 40% of all violent crimes, and a study of college students found that the rates of mental and physical abuse were higher on days when couples drank.
Alcohol may be linked with risks while driving
A research note published by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration concluded that having a detectable blood-alcohol level of 0.05% or higher increased the chances of being in a crash by 575%.
Alcohol is strongly linked with several types of cancer
A group of the nation’s top cancer doctors issued a statement asking people to drink less. They cited strong evidence that drinking alcohol as little as a glass of wine or beer per day increases the risk of developing both pre and postmenopausal breast cancer. The US Department of Health lists alcohol as a known human carcinogen. Research highlighted by the National Cancer Institute suggests that the more alcohol you drink particularly the more you drink regularly the higher your risk of developing cancer.
Alcohol is addictive in Nature
For a large survey, epidemiologists at the National Institute on Drug Abuse asked more than 8,000 people between the ages of 15 and 64 about their drug use. Of those, roughly 15% eventually fit a diagnosis of addiction. .