What is it?
Cancer is the name given to a collection of related diseases that are caused when a group of abnormal cells begins to grow uncontrollably, often forming a tumour.
There are two types of tumours. The first is benign tumours that do not spread into, or invade, nearby tissues. When removed they usually don’t grow back. An important fact is that unlike most benign tumours elsewhere in the body, benign brain tumours can be life threatening.
The other types of tumours are malignant, or tumours that invade nearby tissues, sometimes spreading to distant areas of the body (known as metastasizing). This tumour are more dangerous as they give rise to new tumours and can recur even after removal.
12 warning signs !
- Persistent Headache
- Shortness of breath
- Cough or hoarseness that refuses to go
- Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.
- Loss of appetite
- Sore or a bruise that does not heal
- Change in bowel or bladder habits for no reason
- Unexplained changes in fingernails
- Blood in urine ,stool or spittle
- A mole that changes shape , size or bleeds.
- Unexplained weight loss or tiredness
- New lumps or growths on skin
- While thinking ‘it could be me’ is scary, its a though that can do more good than harm. Pay attention to symptoms and get check-ups regularly.
- If some of your family members or parents are reluctant to get checked, take the responsibility upon yourself and ensure that they do what is necessary, however reluctant they may be.
- Women, especially those over 40 years old, should go for regular screening for early detection of breast cancer
- Using any type of tobacco puts you on a collision course with cancer. Avoiding tobacco — or deciding to stop using it — is one of the most important health decisions you can make and also an important part of cancer prevention.
- Proper filtration of tap water can reduce your exposure to known or suspected carcinogens and hormone-disrupting chemicals.
- Vaccines also help lower cancer risk. The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine helps prevent most cervical cancers and several other kinds of cancer, and the Hepatitis B vaccine can help lower liver cancer risk.
- Drinking plenty of water and other liquids may reduce the risk of bladder cancer by diluting the concentration of cancer-causing agents in urine and helping to flush them through the bladder faster.
- Making changes such as eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise is an important step towards cancer prevention. Eat organic and load up on antioxidants. The following guide will help you do this!
Source : https://www.thebetterindia.com/74188/cancer-awareness-india/