Headache – It is not the same always!

Headache is the most commonly occurring and prevalent illness/condition that is encountered on regular basis. People often do not know the exact cause its types and hence fail to find an appropriate remedy.

Not all headache are similar, they have different origin, triggers and remedies.

Types:

Tension headaches: They are the most common.Characterized by constant ache or pressure around the head, especially at the temples or back of the head and neck. Less severe than migraines and they don’t usually cause nausea or vomiting.Remedy:Over-the-counter medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, etc are usually sufficient to treat them.

Cluster headaches:They affect more men than women, are recurring in nature and occur in cycles. They appear suddenly and are characterized by severe, debilitating pain on one side of the head, and are often accompanied by a watery eye and nasal congestion or a runny nose on the same side of the face. During an attack, people often feel restless and uncomfortable.Remedy: There is no cure, but medication [Over-the-counter medications] can cut the frequency and duration.

Sinus headaches: When a sinus becomes inflamed or infected, it can cause pain. It usually comes with a fever and can be diagnosed by symptoms or the presence of pus viewed through a fiber-optic scope.Remedy: Headaches due to sinus infection can be treated with antibiotics, as well as antihistamines or decongestants.

Rebound headaches: Overuse or abuse of painkillers for treating headaches, ironically, lead to rebound headaches. Rebound headaches are a symptom of withdrawal as the level of medicine drops in the bloodstream.Remedy: Discontinuing the medication, or gradually tapering the dose can help, under medical supervision.

Migraine headaches: Migraines can run in families and are diagnosed using certain criteria.

  • At least two out of these four: one-sided pain, throbbing pain, moderate-to-severe pain, and pain that interferes with, is worsened by, or prohibits routine activity.
  • At least one associated feature: nausea and/or vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound.
  • A migraine may be foreshadowed by aura, such as visual distortions or hand numbness.

Remedy:

  • Painkillers such as Aspirin or ibuprofen may help relieve mild migraines.
  • Practice muscle relaxation exercises like meditation or yoga.
  • Get the right balance of sleep each night, making sure to go to bed and wake up at consistent times.
  • Apply cold packs over affected area and move yourself to cold room.
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