Smog is a type of air pollution that results from a mix of gases and particulates reacting with sunlight. The gases in smog include carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NO2), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as well as ozone. The particulates found in smog can include smoke, dust, sand, and pollen.
Some precautions to be taken to take care of yourself and your loved ones during smog:
- Remain indoors if you have breathing difficulty and try to keep children indoors as much as possible
- Avoid morning walks or any other strenuous outdoor activity that increases breathing rate
- Drink plenty of water and fluids. Stop indulging in junk and fast food. Oily or fatty foods can create additional stress in your body when dealing with the hazardous smog.
- Avoid smoking
- Minimize the use of deodorants and room sprays as much as possible
- Avoid the areas with smoke or heavy dust
- Wear a mask to cover your mouth and nose when you go outside. It can help filter out irritants that aggravate allergy and asthma symptoms
- If you have any heart ailments or chronic respiratory disease or asthma, continue your medication as advised by physician
- In case of any difficulty in breathing, palpitations or severe bout of coughing and/or sneezing consult for medical assistance
Here are a few tips one can follow at home if one feels out of breath:
- Take steam with a few drops of eucalyptus oil every day in the evening to relax your air-passages and help your body remove the harmful substances.
- Include neem, tulsi, and haldi in your everyday diet to give your body the extra edge to combat the harmful smog