What is Diabetes??
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar, gives us the energy that we need to live. If it cannot get into the cells to be burned as energy, sugar builds up to harmful levels in the blood.
Over time, high blood sugar can seriously compromise every major organ system in the body, causing heart attacks, strokes, nerve damage, kidney failure, blindness, impotence and infections that can lead to amputations.
There are two main forms of the diabetes.
Type 1: People with type 1 diabetes typically make none of their own insulin and therefore require insulin injections to survive.
Type 2: People with type 2 diabetes, the form that comprises some 90% of cases, usually produce their own insulin, but not enough or they are unable to use it properly. People with type 2 diabetes are typically overweight and sedentary, two conditions that raise a person’s insulin needs.
Facts and Figures
- There are currently over 199 million women living with diabetes. This total is projected to increase to 313 million by 2040.
- Two out of every five women with diabetes are of reproductive age, accounting for over 60 million women worldwide.
- Diabetes is the ninth leading cause of death in women globally, causing 2.1 million deaths per year.
- Women with type 2 diabetes are almost 10 times more likely to have coronary heart disease than women without the condition.
- Women with type 1 diabetes have an increased risk of early miscarriage or having a baby with malformations
- 1 in 7 births is affected by gestational diabetes
Cope with your diabetes – Stress can raise your blood sugar. Learn ways to lower your stress. Join yoga/Zumba classes or indulge in any other recreational activity
- Choose foods that are lower in calories, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and salt.
- Eat foods with more fiber, such as whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta.
- Choose foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, bread and cereals, and low-fat or skim milk and cheese.
- Drink water instead of juice and regular soda.
- Set a goal to be more active most days of the week. Start slow by taking 10 minute walks, 3 times a day
- Twice a week, work to increase your muscle strength. Use stretch bands, do yoga, heavy gardening (digging and planting with tools), or try push-ups
- Take your medicines for diabetes and any other health problems even when you feel good.